Indigenous justice model panel
Donald Worme is a practicing lawyer and a member of the Kawacatoose First Nation. He is Cree from Treaty Four territory in Saskatchewan. He graduated from the University of Saskatchewan’s College of Law in 1985. He received his Queen’s Counsel appointment in 2002 and his Indigenous People’s Counsel Designation in 2006. He is founding member of the Indigenous Bar Association of Canada, a national advocacy group comprised of Aboriginal Lawyers.
Mr. Worme is one of the leading advocates in the province for criminal law and treaty litigation and has been a vocal member of the Saskatchewan Human Rights Tribunal since 2001. Mr. Worme has been involved in developing and reviewing public policies under the scope of Aboriginal and Treaty rights. He was engaged in the studies and analysis for the National Indian Tax Advisory Board and has provided both research and commentary for the Royal Commission on Aboriginal Peoples. He served as Commission Counsel during the Ipperwash Judicial Inquiry into the 1995 death of Dudley George, an unarmed Ojibway land claim protester shot by an Ontario Provincial Police sniper. He also acted as lead counsel to the family of Neil Stonechild in the Judicial Inquiry into the Saskatoon Police Service’s involvement with the teen’s freezing death in Saskatchewan. As commission counsel for the Truth and Reconciliation Commission (TRC), Worme fought to have the churches and the Canadian government release millions of documents that support the oral history of residential school survivors.
BEVERLEY JACOBS, C.M., LL.B., LL.M., PhD Mohawk Nation of the Haudenosaunee (Iroquois) Confederacy, Bear Clan
Beverley Jacobs is an Assistant Professor at the Faculty of Law, University of Windsor and she practices law part-time at her home community of Six Nations of the Grand River Territory. Her research focuses on Indigenous Legal Orders, Indigenous Wholistic Health, Indigenous Research Methodologies, and Decolonization of Eurocentric Law. Beverley has obtained a Bachelor of Law Degree from the University of Windsor in 1994, a Master of Laws Degree from the University of Saskatchewan in 2000 and a PhD from the University of Calgary in 2018. Beverley is also a consultant/researcher/writer/public speaker and she is a former President of the Native Women’s Association of Canada (elected 2004 to 2009).
Beverley's passion is about peacefulness and safety of Indigenous peoples. For the past 25 or so years, much of her work has focussed on anti-violence work, restoring Indigenous traditions, values, beliefs and laws and decolonizing Eurocentric law. She continues to advocate for families of missing and murdered Indigenous women and girls and to educate the public about the history and impacts of colonization, which has resulted in the traumas that are occurring to Indigenous peoples, specifically Indigenous women and girls today.
Beverley is a Member of the Order of Canada. She received a Franco-German Prize for Human Rights and the Rule of Law from the Governments of France and Germany for her human rights fight for the issues relating to missing and murdered Indigenous women and girls in Canada. She also received a Governor General’s Award in Commemoration of the Person’s Case in 2008 and an Esquao Award from the Institute for the Advancement of Aboriginal Women. She received two awards from Mohawk College in 2018: 1) Alumni of Distinction Award and 2) Distinguished Fellow – Adjunct Professor. And in her first year of teaching at the Faculty of Law, University of Windsor, she received an Office of Human Rights, Equity & Accessibility, Human Rights and Social Justice Award.
Retired Crown Prosecutor Harold Johnson is a member of the Montreal Lake Cree Nation. Born and raised in northern Saskatchewan, Harold has a Master of Law degree from Harvard University. He managed a private practice before becoming a Crown Prosecutor. He served in the Canadian Navy, and worked in the mining and logging industry. Johnson has Cree and Swedish ancestry. He is retired and lives ‘off the grid’ in La Ronge, Saskatchewan, with his wife, where he operates his family's traditional trap line.
Johnson is a published author several of which are set in northern Saskatchewan against a background of traditional Cree mythology. His most recent novel, Corvus, was shortlisted for the 2016 Saskatchewan Book Award for Aboriginal Peoples' Writing, and The Cast Stone won the 2011 Saskatchewan Book Award for Fiction. His book Firewater: How Alcohol Is Killing My People (And Yours) was a shortlisted nominee for the Governor General's Award for English-language non-fiction at the 2016 Governor General's Awards. The book, an examination of the problem with alcohol consumption among Canadian First Nations, draws on Johnson's work as a Crown prosecutor in northern Saskatchewan.
PAUL CHARTRAND I.P.C., B.A., L.L.B. (Hons), LL.M.
Paul Chartrand, a retired Professor of Law formerly at the College of Law in Saskatoon, is currently a practising lawyer and Senior Counsel for DD West LLP in Winnipeg Manitoba. He is originally from the historic Metis community of St Laurent in Manitoba and is a graduate of the University of Winnipeg, and also of law schools in Australia and Canada.
Mr. Chartrand has held teaching and other academic positions at universities in Australia, where he lived for nearly a decade in the 1970s and early 80s, as well as in Canada, New Zealand and the United States. His has numerous publications in several countries on topics in his areas of professional expertise, which are the law and policy of states respecting Indigenous people, but primarily in Canada.
He has had a long career advising Aboriginal organisations and governments and served on several high-profile public bodies including Canada’s Royal Commission on Aboriginal Peoples, Manitoba’s Aboriginal Justice Implementation Commission and Canada’s Aboriginal Healing Foundation. He participated as an advisor and expert in the deliberations on the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples as well as in other international processes. Paul has had a career in sports and remains a keen though subdued participant in local golf tournaments such as that hosted by PAGC.
JAMES W. ZION – NAVAJO POLICING & COURT PRESENTER
James W. Zion is a lawyer from the United States who has practiced law since 1969 (Catholic University of America Law School, Washington, DC). First Nations Policing and Indigenous Justice experience includes policing studies with counsel for the District of Columbia Police Department and practice in the Blackfeet Nation of Montana (1976) and the Navajo Nation (1981-present). Mr. Zion was instrumental in developing Navajo Peacemaking and Domestic Violence court procedures.
Mr. Zion will share his perspectives on First Nations Policing and Indigenous Justice based on U.S. Experiences. The United States formalized American Indian policing and tribal court standards in the latter part of the 19th century and updated them at various times through the year 2000, and the presentation will summarize experiences with those standards, and the work of some U.S. Indian courts keeping the Canadian situation in mind. The presentation will be based on work with American Indian court and policing systems and experiences from work in Canada.
ELSIE REDBIRD – NAVAJO COURT PRESENTER
Elsie Redbird is a member of the Dine` (Navajo Nation), whose clans are Red House (maternal) and Salt (paternal), from Sheep Springs, Narbona Pass (in New Mexico). She has degrees from the University of New Mexico which include Bachelor of Arts (political science & sociology) (1980), Master of Public Administration (1983) and law (Juris Doctor) (1987). She is licensed to practice law in the Navajo Nation, Isleta Tribal Court and Laguna Tribal Court. Elsie served as the Chief Justice of the Zuni Tribal Court of Appeal. She has published extensively in Indian women issues, domestic violence, and spirituality. She is co-author of a study of domestic violence in the Navajo Nation used as the foundation for Navajo Nation statutory law.
Given her experiences as a Dine` woman lawyer, including law practice, research and publications, there are unique lessons to share for contributions to Policing and Indigenous Justice in Canada. She has years of experience with American Indian (primarily Navajo) clients, in Indian court systems in New Mexico and Arizona, that are relevant for Canada. Additionally, she has experience in evaluating Indian Nations courts, using national court administration standards, offers lessons for the development of justice systems in Canada. Of particular relevance is her experience with both adjudication and peacemaking as distinct approaches to dispute resolution that is harmonious with Indigenous communities.
FIRST NATIONS POLICING PANEL
Dr. Ivan Zinger is currently the Correctional Investigator of Canada who has highlighted the over incarceration rates of Aboriginal people in Canadian jails as a human rights crisis in a recent report. He received his degree in Common Law from the University of Ottawa in 1992, and completed his articles of clerkship at the Federal Court of Canada. In 1999, he obtained his Ph.D. at Carleton University (Ottawa) in Psychology of Criminal Conduct. He is an Adjunct Professor with the Law Department at Carleton University.
Dr. Zinger joined the Public Service of Canada in 1996. He held a variety of senior managerial, policy and research positions in public safety-related federal departments and agencies. In 2004, he joined his current employer, the Office of the Correctional Investigator (Federal Prison Ombudsman), and in 2009 he became the Executive Director and General Counsel. As of January 1, 2017, Dr. Zinger was appointed as Correctional Investigator of Canada pursuant to section 161 of the Corrections and Conditional Release Act, and was reappointed for a 5-year term on January 2018.
Over the years, Dr. Zinger has developed expertise in domestic and international human rights law in prison settings. His academic publications are significant and include articles on a variety of subjects, including prison oversight, ethics, dangerous offenders, correctional treatment, the diagnosis of psychopathy, conditional release, penal segregation and the impact of tough on crime measures on corrections.
Dr. Zinger is the recipient of the 2014 APEX Partnership Award for “making communities safer by building strong and effective partnerships across the country and abroad, contributing to the development of more effective correctional practices in Canada.” This prestigious award is one of six presented annually by the Association of Professional Executives in the Public Service of Canada (APEX).
Chantell Barker is a First Nation woman from Sapotoweyak Cree Nation and her spirit name is Geetchi Nodin Ikwe. Chantell’s educational background is Restorative Justice and Conflict Resolution. Prior to this position, she was employed with Manitoba Justice for ten years as a Probation Officer until she transitioned into program development and facilitation.
During her time with Manitoba Justice, she developed the first recognized and court mandated Cultural Appropriate Program which was facilitated in all Correctional and Youth Centres, as well as Probation Offices across Manitoba. Chantell’s work is recognized nationally as an evidence-informed programming.
In 2016, Chantell participated in a National Web Cast hosted by Justice Canada regarding Indigenous Programming for Youth in Canada, spoke at the United Nations on Indigenous incarceration, sat in front of the Liberal Senate Committee as an Expert in Restorative Justice, was in witness at the Senates Standing Committee on Human rights regarding corrections. Chantell strives to bring passion and a vision that restores balance and harmony within the First Nation communities she serves.
Gayle Desmeules, Master of Arts in Leadership and Training with distinction from Royal Roads University, is a member of the Métis Nation of Alberta, has James Bay and Plains Cree ancestry. Former Gladue report writer for Alberta Justice, and qualified mediator, ADR Institute of Canada. Experience facilitating restorative resolution processes in youth criminal justice, child protection, family law act matters, work, and student-based conflicts.
Principled in community development and capacity building to promote self-reliance. A proponent of reclaiming traditional, relation-based intervention models to break the cycle of violence and fragmented relationships set in motion from residential school and colonization. Being a child of a residential school survivor affords her unique insight regarding impacts and intergenerational recovery from a personal, family, and community perspective.
Gayle’s company True Dialogue www.truedialogue.ca is an official partner with the International Institute for Restorative Practices www.iirp.edu providing training in violence or conflict prevention using community building circles, and offers restorative resolution intervention services. She is published by the Centre of Excellence for Child Welfare, for her work in developing A Sacred Circle “Family Group Conferencing”, to address the over-representation of Aboriginal children in the Child Welfare system.
Daniel J. Bellegarde is a citizen of Little Black Bear’s Band of the Assiniboine-Cree in Treaty 4 Territory, southern Saskatchewan. He served 9 years as Vice-Chief of the Federation of Saskatchewan Indian Nations, with the portfolios of Treaty Land Entitlement and Land Claims, Justice and Policing, Gaming and International Affairs. His work has taken him to all provinces of Canada and many American States, as well as to Switzerland, Belize, Chile and New Zealand.
He had been a Commissioner of the Indian Specific Claims Commission between 1992 and 2008, serving as Co-Chair of the Commission from 1994 to 2000. He continues to focus on inherent and Treaty rights, community development and justice issues. He is currently the Executive Director of the FSIN Treaty Governance Office, Chair of the File Hills First Nation Police Service Board of Police Commissioners, member of the Board of Directors of the Canadian Association on Police Governance and founding member of the First Nations Police Governance Council.
Edward ‘Lennard’ Busch is of Sioux ancestry and is a member of the Kahkewistahaw First Nation in Saskatchewan. He has been a police officer for 41 years. Len commenced his policing career with the Manitoba Police Commission as a Native Special Constable at South Indian Lake, Manitoba in 1978. He joined the RCMP in 1980 and served for 34 years doing general duty policing, drug enforcement, intelligence, undercover operations, protective operations, and as an instructor at the RCMP Academy.
Commissioned to the rank of Inspector in 1999 he served as the Officer in Charge of National Aboriginal Policing in Ottawa. He then served as the Governor General’s Security Liaison Officer for 3 years and in 2006 was posted to the Canadian Police College as the Director of the Professional Development Centre for Aboriginal Policing. In 2012 Len became the Director of the Police Leadership Centre.
In the fall of 2014 Len retired from the RCMP and became the Chief of Police at the File Hills First Nations Police Service in Saskatchewan, which is currently the only self-administered First Nations Police Service in the Province. He is currently also the Vice-President (West) for the First Nations Chiefs of Police Association.
Chief Melting Tallow has served his entire policing career in First Nations policing, he began his policing career as a member of the Siksika Nation Police Service (SNPS) in 1998. In 2002, Chief Melting Tallow joined the Tsuut’ina Nation Police Service (TTNPS) where he continued to work in general patrols in partnership with the RCMP as the TTNPS transitioned into a stand-alone police service.
In 2006, Chief Melting Tallow left the TTNPS and joined the BTPS. Chief Melting Tallow has worked in all areas of the BTPS including the member-in-charge of the Community Policing Division, member-in-charge of the Support and Administration Division, Professional Standards and Use of Force Instruction. Chief Melting Tallow was also seconded part-time to the Alberta Serious Incident Response Team (ASIRT) in 2014.
In addition to the duties of the Chief of Police, Chief Melting Tallow is Chair of the Alberta Association of Chiefs of Police: Policing with Indigenous Peoples Committee and is Co-Chair of the Canadian Association of Chief of Police: Policing with Indigenous Peoples Committee. Chief Melting Tallow is also in his final year of study at Royal Roads University where he is pursuing his Master of Arts in Leadership degree.
Chief Melting Tallow received his headdress in a traditional transfer ceremony on the day he was sworn in as Chief of Police. This honouring recognized the many years of service and leadership Chief Melting Tallow has dedicated to the people of the Blood Tribe. Chief Melting Tallow is also the recipient of the Queens Diamond Jubilee Medal, Canadian Exemplary Service Medal, Alberta Law Enforcement Long Service Medal, Alberta Emergency Service Medal, First Nations Chiefs of Police Association Long Service Medal and the Blood Tribe Police Service Distinguished Service Medal.
Lt. Gov. Russell Mirasty joined the Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) in 1976, and was one of only two Indigenous cadets in his troop at Depot Division. He served in various roles across the country, including as Director General of National Aboriginal Policing Services and as Commanding Officer of “F” Division (Saskatchewan).
Over his 36-year career, he was posted to seven provinces, performed duties in every other province and territory, and participated in an exchange with the Northern Territory Police Service in Australia. While posted in Saskatchewan, he volunteered his time as an Aide de Camp to the province’s Lieutenant Governor. In 2013, he retired from the RCMP as Assistant Commissioner.
Following his retirement, he continued to devote himself to the residents of Saskatchewan by helping lead a province-wide engagement process on how to improve the education system. He co-facilitated meaningful dialogue and navigated difficult subjects with students, parents, and educators. The valuable perspectives shared during this dialogue informed the development of a province-wide education strategy.
Lt. Gov. Mirasty has also served as a member of the League of Educational Administrators, Directors and Superintendents, and as a board member on the Community Safety Knowledge Alliance. He was also appointed to Saskatchewan’s Advisory Group on Poverty Reduction. He was recently appointed to the board of the McDowell Foundation, which supports research, inquiry, and sharing of information for the K-12 education system. In recognition of his contributions, he was awarded the Meritorious Service Medal in 2017.
Lt. Gov. Russell Mirasty, whose first language is Cree, is a member of the Lac La Ronge Indian Band. He resides in La Ronge, Saskatchewan, with his wife Donna. They have two children and two grandchildren.
CALL OUT FOR PRESENTERS – WORKSHOP SESSIONS
Prince Albert Grand Council is hosting a National Symposium on First Nations Policing and Indigenous Justice Models. The purpose of the symposium is to bring together experts, leaders, First Nations Police & Justice professionals, Correctional service providers, Indigenous participants, elders, and youth to dialogue and share best practices, lessons learned, and challenges in the Policing and Justice sectors. First Nations communities require up-to-date information and expertise in order to plan and develop realistic short and long term goals.
Workshop Presentations will be 1 hour long. Interactive and engaging presentations are recommended so that participants have a chance to dialogue and make links to their communities. Successful applicants will be provided an honorarium, meals, and accommodations and travel assistance for those living outside of Saskatoon, Saskatchewan.
CALL OUT FOR PRESENTERS ON THE FOLLOWING SYMPOSIUM THEMES:
- First Nations Policing in Canada & Indigenous Court System models;
- Restorative Justice programs, alternative sentencing, diversions approaches;
- Cultural-based healing programs in the Justice System;
- Community-based prevention, intervention, and transition support programs;
- Land-based intervention models in the Corrections system;
- Examination of education and training for incarcerated offenders;
- Community Peacekeepers/security officer models that complement police officers;
- Missing and Murdered Indigenous women and girls Final Report;
- Systemic solutions to high incarceration rates of men, women, and youth;
- Mental health and addictions among incarcerated Indigenous peoples;
- Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder among incarcerated Indigenous peoples;
- Justice, Law, Corrections, and First Nations Police Training;
- Research Projects linked to First Nations Policing and Indigenous-based Courts
Please send all form submissions and questions to...
CONFERENCE CONSULTANT: Mr. Robin McLeod at Email: email@example.com